Return to CIG


View All Publications

Go To Publication by Year:

View Publications by Topic:



Air Quality

Aquatic Ecosystems and Fisheries

Background Papers

Climate: Atmospheric Modeling

Climate: Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean Modeling

Climate: Diagnostics

Climate: Global Climate

Climate: Ocean Modeling

Climate: PNW Climate

Climate: Regional Climate Modeling

Coastal Ecosystems

Coastal Environments

Conservation Biology

Data Analysis and Sharing


Fact Sheets

Forecasts and Applications

Forest Ecosystems

Human Health

Hydrology and Water Resources


Integrated Assessment

Ocean Acidification


Program Documents

Science Advisory Reports

Societal Dimensions

Special Reports

Theses and Dissertations

View Publications by Author:

Search the Publication Abstracts:

Other CSES Links:

About CSES

CSES Personnel

Data / Links


Welcome to the publications directory for the Climate Impacts Group and the Climate Dynamics Group. Please contact the web administrator for assistance with any of these publications.

View: Abstract

Developing multiple indicators and triggers for drought plans

Steinemann, A.C., and L.F.N. Cavalcanti. 2006. Developing multiple indicators and triggers for drought plans. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 132(3):164-174.


Drought plans depend on indicators and triggers to characterize drought conditions and guide drought responses. Yet indicators and triggers often suffer from deficiencies, such as temporal and spatial inconsistency, statistical incomparability, and operational indeterminacy. Further, even though indicators and triggers are vital to drought hazard reduction, they are often selected and used arbitrarily, undermining the potential value of drought plans. Addressing these concerns, this paper provides a process and analytic methods for the development, analysis, and evaluation of indicators and triggers. In addition, this paper details their application to Georgia's first state drought plan. Results are transferable to other drought plans, offering scientific justification, operational relevancy, and guidance for drought mitigation and response.