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Welcome to the publications directory for the Climate Impacts Group and the Climate Dynamics Group. Please contact the web administrator for assistance with any of these publications.


Topic View: Climate: Diagnostics

2013

Optimal design of a climatological network: Beyond practical considerations

Mauger, G.S., K.A. Bumbaco, G.J. Hakim, and P.W. Mote. 2013. Optimal design of a climatological network: Beyond practical considerations. Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems 2(2):199-212. doi:10.5194/gi-2-199-2013.

2012

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Moisture flux convergence in regional and global climate models: Implications for droughts in the southwestern United States under climate change

Gao, Y., L.R. Leung, E.P. Salathé, F. Dominguez, B. Nijssen, and D.P. Lettenmaier. 2012. Moisture flux convergence in regional and global climate models: Implications for droughts in the southwestern United States under climate change. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L09711, doi:10.1029/2012GL051560.

2011

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Coherent region-, species-, and frequency-dependent local climate signals in Northern Hemisphere tree-ring widths

Wettstein, J.J., J.S. Littell, Z.M. Gedalof, and J.M. Wallace. 2011. Coherent region-, species-, and frequency-dependent local climate signals in Northern Hemisphere tree-ring widths. Journal of Climate 24, 5998-6012, doi: 10.1175/2011JCLI3822.1.

2008

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The modulated annual cycle: An alternative reference frame for climate anomalies

Wu, Z., E.K. Schneider, B.P. Kirtman, E.S. Sarachik, B. Huang, and C.J. Tucker. 2008. The modulated annual cycle: An alternative reference frame for climate anomalies. Climate Dynamics 31: 823-841, 10.1007/s00382-008-0437-z.

2006

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ENSO's effect on Alaska during opposite phases of the Arctic Oscillation

Bond, N., and D.E. Harrison. 2006. ENSO's effect on Alaska during opposite phases of the Arctic Oscillation. International Journal of Climatology 26(13): 1821-1841.

2004

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Designing efficient observing networks for ENSO prediction

Morss, R., and D.S. Battisti. 2004. Designing efficient observing networks for ENSO prediction. Journal of Climate 17: 3074-3089.

Evaluating observing system requirements for ENSO prediction: Experiments with an intermediate coupled model

Morss, R., and D.S. Battisti. 2004. Evaluating observing system requirements for ENSO prediction: Experiments with an intermediate coupled model. Journal of Climate 17: 3057-3073.

A simplified linear framework for interpreting patterns of Northern Hemisphere wintertime climate variability

Quadrelli, R., and J.M. Wallace. 2004. A simplified linear framework for interpreting patterns of Northern Hemisphere wintertime climate variability. Journal of Climate 17(19):3728-3744.

Varied expressions of the hemispheric circulation observed in association with contrasting polarities of prescribed patterns of variability

Quadrelli, R., and J.M. Wallace. 2004. Varied expressions of the hemispheric circulation observed in association with contrasting polarities of prescribed patterns of variability. Journal of Climate 17(21):4245-4253.

The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and northern high latitude wintertime surface air temperatures

Vecchi, G., and N. Bond. 2004. The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and northern high latitude wintertime surface air temperatures. Geophysical Research Letters 31, doi: 10.1029/2003GL018645.

Interannual Indian rainfall variability and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies

Vecchi, G., and D.E. Harrison. 2004. Interannual Indian rainfall variability and Indian Ocean sea surface temperature anomalies. pages 247-260 in C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J.A. Carton (eds.) Earth Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph 147, Washington D.C..

2003

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The influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on precipitation in Oregon and Washington

Bond, N., and G. Vecchi. 2003. The influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on precipitation in Oregon and Washington. Weather and Forecasting 18:600-613.

Airflow and precipitation fields within deep alpine valleys observed by airborne Doppler radar

Bousquet, O., and B.F. Smull. 2003. Airflow and precipitation fields within deep alpine valleys observed by airborne Doppler radar. Journal of Applied Meteorology 42(10):1497-1513.

Observations and impacts of upstream orographic blocking during a widespread orographic precipitation event

Bousquet, O., and B.F. Smull. 2003. Observations and impacts of upstream orographic blocking during a widespread orographic precipitation event. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129:391-410.

The impact of daily changes in the Pacific North American pattern on the occurrence of extreme weather events

Brown, C.A. 2003. The impact of daily changes in the Pacific North American pattern on the occurrence of extreme weather events. M.S. thesis, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle.

The ocean in climate

Sarachik, E.S. 2003. The ocean in climate. pp. 129-133 In T. Potter and B. Colman (eds.), Handbook of Weather, Climate and Water (Vol 2). Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley-Interscience.

Airflow within major alpine river valleys under heavy rainfall

Steiner, M., O. Bousquet, R.A. Houze, B.F. Smull, and M. Mancini. 2003. Airflow within major alpine river valleys under heavy rainfall. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 129:411-432.

On the termination of the 2002-03 El Nino

Vecchi, G., and D.E. Harrison. 2003. On the termination of the 2002-03 El Nino. Geophysical Research Letters 30(18) doi: 10.1029/2003GL017564.

The Pacific Center of Action of the Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode: Real or Artifact?

Wallace, J.M., and D.W.J. Thompson. 2003. The Pacific Center of Action of the Northern Hemisphere Annular Mode: Real or Artifact?. Journal of Climate 15:1987-1991.

2002

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Numerical simulations of a land falling cold front observed during COAST: Rapid evolution and responsible mechanisms

Colle, B.A., B.F. Smull, and M-J. Yang. 2002. Numerical simulations of a land falling cold front observed during COAST: Rapid evolution and responsible mechanisms. Monthly Weather Review 130(8):1945-1966.

Cold events: Anti-El Nino?

Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin. 2002. Cold events: Anti-El Nino?. pp. 237-241 In M.H. Glantz (Ed.), Facts and Speculation about La Nina and its Societal Impacts. Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University Press.

ENSO warm (El Niño) and cold (La Niña) event life cycles: Ocean surface anomaly patterns, their symmetries, asymmetries and implications

Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison. 2002. ENSO warm (El Niño) and cold (La Niña) event life cycles: Ocean surface anomaly patterns, their symmetries, asymmetries and implications. Journal of Climate 15(10):1118-1140.

An integrated, sustained ocean observing system

Nowlin, W.D., N. Smith, D.E. Harrison, C. Koblinski, and G. Needler. 2002. An integrated, sustained ocean observing system. pp. 29-38 In C.J. Koblinsky and N.R. Smith (eds.), Observing Ocean In the 21st Century. Melbourne, Australia: GODAE and Australian Bureau of Meteorology Publishers.

On the response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation

Rigor, I.G., J.M. Wallace, and R.L. Colony. 2002. On the response of sea ice to the Arctic Oscillation. Journal of Climate 15:2648-2663.

Stratospheric connection to Northern Hemisphere wintertime weather: Implications for prediction

Thompson, D.W.J., M.P. Baldwin, and J.M. Wallace. 2002. Stratospheric connection to Northern Hemisphere wintertime weather: Implications for prediction. Journal of Climate 15:1421-1428.

Southwest monsoon breaks and sub-seasonal sea surface temperature variability in the Bay of Bengal

Vecchi, G., and D.E. Harrison. 2002. Southwest monsoon breaks and sub-seasonal sea surface temperature variability in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Climate 15:1485-1493.

SST anomalies of ENSO and the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the equatorial Pacific

Zhang, C., and J. Gottschalck. 2002. SST anomalies of ENSO and the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the equatorial Pacific. Journal of Climate 15:2429-2445.

2001

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Comments on "Comparison of 1997-98 U.S. temperature and precipitation anomalies to historical ENSO Warm Phases"

Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin. 2001. Comments on "Comparison of 1997-98 U.S. temperature and precipitation anomalies to historical ENSO Warm Phases". Journal of Climate 14:1894-1895.

El Niño and La Niña-Equatorial Pacific thermocline depth and sea surface temperature anomalies, 1986-98

Harrison, D.E., and G. Vecchi. 2001. El Niño and La Niña-Equatorial Pacific thermocline depth and sea surface temperature anomalies, 1986-98. Geophysical Research Letter 28(6):1051-1054, doi: 10.1029/1999GL011307, 2001.

Tropical Pacific ENSO Cold Events, 1946-1995; SST, SLP and Surface Wind Composite Anomalies

Larkin, N.K., and D.E. Harrison. 2001. Tropical Pacific ENSO Cold Events, 1946-1995; SST, SLP and Surface Wind Composite Anomalies. Journal of Climate 14(19):3904-3931.

Climate sea surface temperature analysis

Reynolds, R.E., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stokes. 2001. Climate sea surface temperature analysis. pp. 87-101. In C.J. Koblinski and N.R. Smith (eds.), Observing the Ocean In the 21st Century. Melbourne, Australia: GODAE and Australian Bureau of Meteorology Publishers.

Regional climate impacts of the northern hemisphere annular mode

Thompson, D.W.J., and J.M. Wallace. 2001. Regional climate impacts of the northern hemisphere annular mode. Science 293:85-89.

Intraseasonal perturbations in sea surface temperature of the eastern equatorial Pacific and their association with the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Zhang, C. 2001. Intraseasonal perturbations in sea surface temperature of the eastern equatorial Pacific and their association with the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Journal of Climate 14:1309-1322.

2000

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The Pacific Decadal Oscillation, air-sea interaction and central North Pacific winter atmospheric regimes

Bond, N., and D.E. Harrison. 2000. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation, air-sea interaction and central North Pacific winter atmospheric regimes. Geophysical Research Letter 27(5):731-734.

Distribution and variability of water vapour

Gettelman, A., J. Harries, and P.W. Mote. 2000. Distribution and variability of water vapour. Chapter 3, In SPARC Assessment of Water Vapour in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere, D. Kley, J. Russell, and C. Phillips, (eds.), World Climate Research Programme, Paris.

Equatorial Thermocline Anomalies, Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies and ENSO

Harrison, D.E., and G. Vecchi. 2000. Equatorial Thermocline Anomalies, Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies and ENSO. Geophysical Research Letter

Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change?

Hartmann, D.L., J.M. Wallace, V. Limpasuvan, D.W.J. Thompson, and J.R. Holton. 2000. Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change?. Proceedings of the Naional Academy of Sciences 97:1412-1417.

Annular modes in the extratropical circulation. Part I: Month-to month variability

Thompson, D.W.J., and J.M. Wallace. 2000. Annular modes in the extratropical circulation. Part I: Month-to month variability. Journal of Climate 13:1000-1016.

Annular modes in extratropical circulation. Part II: Trends

Thompson, D.W.J., J.M. Wallace, and G.C. Hegerl. 2000. Annular modes in extratropical circulation. Part II: Trends. Journal of Climate 13:1018-1036.

Westerly wind events, El Niño and surface temperature changes in the tropical Pacific

Vecchi, G., and D.E. Harrison. 2000. Westerly wind events, El Niño and surface temperature changes in the tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate 13:1814-1830.

North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular Mode: Two paradigms - one phenomenon

Wallace, J.M. 2000. North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular Mode: Two paradigms - one phenomenon. Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 126:791-805.

Airborne Doppler observations of a landfalling cold front upstream of steep coastal orography

Yu, C-K., and B.F. Smull. 2000. Airborne Doppler observations of a landfalling cold front upstream of steep coastal orography. Monthly Weather Review 128:1577-1603.

1999

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An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5

Colle, B.A., C.F. Mass, and B.F. Smull. 1999. An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5. Monthly Weather Review 127(6):1310-1334.

1999: Interannual (ENSO) and interdecadal (ENSO-like) variability of the tropospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere

Garreaud, R.D., and D.S. Battisti. 1999. 1999: Interannual (ENSO) and interdecadal (ENSO-like) variability of the tropospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate 12:2,113-2,123.

Observations of the mesoscale structure of the low-level jet region of a strong landfalling Pacific storm

Persson, P.O., P.J. Neiman, F.M. Ralph, B.F. Smull, and B. Walter. 1999. Observations of the mesoscale structure of the low-level jet region of a strong landfalling Pacific storm. In Proceedings of the 8th Conference On Mesoscale Processes, Boston, Massachusetts: American Meteorological Society.

Shipborne dual-Doppler operations during TOGA COARE: Integrated observations of storm kinematics and electrification

Petersen, W.A., R.C. Cifelli, S.A. Rutledge, and B.S. Ferrier. 1999. Shipborne dual-Doppler operations during TOGA COARE: Integrated observations of storm kinematics and electrification. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80:81-97.

1998

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The TOGA decade: reviewing the progress of El Nino research and prediction

Anderson, D.L.T., E.S. Sarachik, and P.J. Webster. (Editors) 1998. The TOGA decade: reviewing the progress of El Nino research and prediction. Journal of Geophysical Research 103(C7).

An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5

Colle, B.A., C.F. Mass, and B.F. Smull. 1998. An observational and numerical study of a cold front interacting with the Olympic mountains during COAST IOP5. In Proceedings of the 16th Conference On Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society, pp. 202-205.

El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature and wind anomalies, 1946-1993.

Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin. 1998. El Niño-Southern Oscillation sea surface temperature and wind anomalies, 1946-1993.. Reviews of Geophysics 36:353-399.

Seasonal U.S. temperature and precipitation anomalies associated with El Niño: Historical results and comparison with 1997-1998

Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin. 1998. Seasonal U.S. temperature and precipitation anomalies associated with El Niño: Historical results and comparison with 1997-1998. Geophysical Research Letter 25:3,959-3,962.

Variability of DpCO2 in the subarctic North Pacific: a comparison of results from four expeditions

Murphy, P.P., D.E. Harrison, R. Feely, T. Takahashi, R. Weiss, and R.H. Gammon. 1998. Variability of DpCO2 in the subarctic North Pacific: a comparison of results from four expeditions. Tellus 50B:185-204.

An observational study of fronts and frontal mergers during the phasing of arctic and Pacific-polar synoptic-scale waves over the continental United States

Neiman, P.J., M.A. Shapiro, F.M. Ralph, B.F. Smull, and D. Johnson. 1998. An observational study of fronts and frontal mergers during the phasing of arctic and Pacific-polar synoptic-scale waves over the continental United States. Monthly Weather Review 126:2,521-2,554.

Comparison of NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF reanalyzed fields with TOGA TAO buoy observations over the tropical Pacific

Smull, B.F., and M.J. McPhaden. 1998. Comparison of NCEP/NCAR and ECMWF reanalyzed fields with TOGA TAO buoy observations over the tropical Pacific. In Proceedingsof the 1st International Conference On Reanalyses, Silver Spring, pp. 227-230

Electrical structure in thunderstorm convective regions. Part I: Mesoscale convective systems

Stolzenburg, M., W.D. Rust, B.F. Smull, and T.C. Marshall. 1998. Electrical structure in thunderstorm convective regions. Part I: Mesoscale convective systems. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14,059-14,14,078.

The Arctic Oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields

Thompson, D.W.J., and J.M. Wallace. 1998. The Arctic Oscillation signature in the wintertime geopotential height and temperature fields. Geophysical Research Letter 25:1,297-1,300.

On the structure and evolution of ENSO-related climate variability in the tropical Pacific: lessons from TOGA

Wallace, J.M., E.M. Rasmusson, T.P. Mitchell, V.E. Kousky, E.S. Sarachik, and H. von Storch. 1998. On the structure and evolution of ENSO-related climate variability in the tropical Pacific: lessons from TOGA. Journal of Geophysical Research 103:14,241-14,259.

Interaction of a Pacific cold front with the coastal mountains of the western U.S.

Yang, M-J., B.A. Colle, B.F. Smull, R.A. Houze, and C-K. Yu. 1998. Interaction of a Pacific cold front with the coastal mountains of the western U.S.. In Proceedings of the 16th Conference On Weather Analysis and Forecasting, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society pp. 87-89.

A Long-Lived Mesoscale Vortex Observed in its Formative Stage by Airborne Doppler Radar

Yu, C-K., J-D. Jou, and B.F. Smull. 1998. A Long-Lived Mesoscale Vortex Observed in its Formative Stage by Airborne Doppler Radar. Monthly Weather Review 127:838-857.

Airborne dual-Doppler observations of a coastal wind maximum associated with a landfalling cold front

Yu, C-K., B.F. Smull, and R.A. Houze. 1998. Airborne dual-Doppler observations of a coastal wind maximum associated with a landfalling cold front. In Proceedings of the 2nd Conference On Coastal & Oceanic Prediction and Processes, Phoenix, American Meteorological Society, pp. 206-209.

1997

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The Coastal Observations and Simulations with Topography (COAST) experiment

Bond, N., C.F. Mass, and B.F. Smull. 1997. The Coastal Observations and Simulations with Topography (COAST) experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 78:1:941-1,955.

Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast

Braun, S.A., R.A. Houze, and B.F. Smull. 1997. Airborne dual-Doppler observations of an intense frontal system approaching the Pacific Northwest coast. Monthly Weather Review 125:3,131-3,156.

The Darwin Sea Level Pressure record, 1876-1996; Evidence for climate change?

Harrison, D.E., and N.K. Larkin. 1997. The Darwin Sea Level Pressure record, 1876-1996; Evidence for climate change?. Geophysical Research Letter 24:1,779-1,782.

Surface westerly wind events in the tropical Pacific 1986-1995

Harrison, D.E., and G. Vecchi. 1997. Surface westerly wind events in the tropical Pacific 1986-1995. Journal of Climate 10:3,131-3,156.

An intercomparison of near-surface wind products over the ocean on monthly mean and longer time scales, 1985-1995

McDermott, D., D.E. Harrison, and N.K. Larkin. 1997. An intercomparison of near-surface wind products over the ocean on monthly mean and longer time scales, 1985-1995. NOAA Technical Memo, ERL PMEL-110 (PB97-180111), 163 pp.

Westerly wind events in the tropical Pacific, 1986-1995: An atlas from the ECMWF operational surface wind fields

Vecchi, G., and D.E. Harrison. 1997. Westerly wind events in the tropical Pacific, 1986-1995: An atlas from the ECMWF operational surface wind fields. NOAA Technical Memo, ERL PMEL-109 (PB97-188213), 222 pp.

ENSO-like decade-to-century scale variability: 1900-93

Zhang, Y., J.M. Wallace, and D.S. Battisti. 1997. ENSO-like decade-to-century scale variability: 1900-93. Journal of Climate 10(5): 1004-1020.

1996

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The COADS sea level pressure signal: A near-global El Niño composite and time series results, 1946-1993

Harrison, D.E., and N.S. Larkin. 1996. The COADS sea level pressure signal: A near-global El Niño composite and time series results, 1946-1993. Journal of Climate 9:3025-3055.

An observational study of ENSO variability in 1950-78 and 1979-92

Mitchell, T.P., and J.M. Wallace. 1996. An observational study of ENSO variability in 1950-78 and 1979-92. Journal of Climate 9:3:149-3,161.

Comparison of NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed fields and surface observations over the TOGA-TAO array

Smull, B.F., and M.J. McPhaden. 1996. Comparison of NCEP/NCAR reanalyzed fields and surface observations over the TOGA-TAO array. In Proceedings of the 21st Annual Climate Diagnostics Workshop, 28 October-1 November 1996. Climate Prediction Center, Washington, D.C., pp. 57-60.

Natural and forced variability in the climate record

Wallace, J.M. 1996. Natural and forced variability in the climate record. In D.G. Martinson, K. Bryan, M. Ghil, M.M. Hall, T.R. Karl, E.S. Sarachik, S. Sorooshian, and L.D. Talley (eds.),The Natural Variability of the Climate System on the 10-100 Year Time Scales. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press, 199-217.

Observed climate variability: spatial structure

Wallace, J.M. 1996. Observed climate variability: spatial structure. In Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute Workshop on Decade to Century Scale Climate Variability, Les Houches, France, February 1995, J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson eds., Springer Verlag, pp. 31-81.

Observed climate variability: time dependence

Wallace, J.M. 1996. Observed climate variability: time dependence. In Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute Workshop on Decade to Century Scale Climate Variability, Les Houches, France, February 1995, J. Willebrand and D.L.T. Anderson eds., Springer Verlag, pp. 1-30.

Interpretation of interdecadal trends in Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature

Wallace, J.M., Y. Zhang, and L. Bajuk. 1996. Interpretation of interdecadal trends in Northern Hemisphere surface air temperature. Journal of Climate 9:249-259.

1995

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Precipitation charge measurements in the stratiform regions of two mesoscale convective systems

Bateman, M.G., W.S. Rust, B.F. Smull, and T.C. Marshall. 1995. Precipitation charge measurements in the stratiform regions of two mesoscale convective systems. Journal of Geophysical Research 100:16,341-16,356.

On the symmetric stability of low-level equatorial flow

Levy, G., and D.S. Battisti. 1995. On the symmetric stability of low-level equatorial flow. The Global Ocean and Atmosphere System 3:341-354.

Convectively-induced mesoscale phenomena in the tropical and warm-season midlatitude atmosphere (IUGG Quadrennial Report)

Smull, B.F. 1995. Convectively-induced mesoscale phenomena in the tropical and warm-season midlatitude atmosphere (IUGG Quadrennial Report). Reviews of Geophysics Supplement 33:897-906.

Dynamical contribution to hemispheric-mean temperature trends

Wallace, J.M., Y. Zhang, and J.A. Renwick. 1995. Dynamical contribution to hemispheric-mean temperature trends. Science 270:780-783.

TOGA COARE aircraft mission summary images: An electronic atlas

Yuter, S.E., R.A. Houze, B.F. Smull, F.D. Marks, and J.R. Daugherty. 1995. TOGA COARE aircraft mission summary images: An electronic atlas. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76:312-328.